Chapter 15.7 References and further reading

Aanen, D.K., Eggleton, P., Rouland- Lefèvre, C., Guldberg- Frøslev, T., Rosendahl, S. & Boomsma, J.J. (2002). The evolution of fungus-growing termites and their mutualistic fungal symbionts. Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences of the USA, 99: 14887-14892. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.222313099. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Aanen, D.K., Ros, V.I.D., de Fine Licht, H.H., Mitchell, J., de Beer, Z.W., Slippers, B., Rouland-LeFèvre, C. & Boomsma, J.J. (2007). Patterns of interaction specificity of fungus-growing termites and Termitomyces symbionts in South Africa. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 7: 115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-115. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Bass, M. & Cherrett, J.M. (1996). Leaf-cutting ants (Formicidae, Attini) prune their fungus to increase and direct its productivity. Functional Ecology, 10: 55-61. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2390262. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Bignell, D.E. (2000). Ecology of prokaryotic microbes in the guts of wood and litter-feeding termites. In: Termites: Evolution, Sociality, Symbioses, Ecology, (Abe, T., Bignell, D.E. & Higashi, M. eds), pp. 189-208. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Pp. 466. ISBN 10: 0792363612, ISBN 13: 9780792363613.

Bobe, R. (2006). The evolution of arid ecosystems in eastern Africa. Journal of Arid Environments, 66: 564-584. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jaridenv.2006.01.010. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Bobe, R. & Behrensmeyer, A.K. (2004). The expansion of grassland ecosystems in Africa in relation to mammalian evolution and the origin of the genus Homo. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 207: 399-420. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2003.09.033. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Bobe, R. & Eck, G.G. (2001). Responses of African bovids to Pliocene climatic change. Paleobiology, 27 (Supplement): 1-47. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2666022. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Bretherton, S., Tordoff, G.M., Jones, T.H. & Boddy, L. (2006). Compensatory growth of Phanerochaete velutina mycelial systems grazed by Folsomia candida (Collembola). FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 58: 33-40. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6941.2006.00149.x. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Cerling, T.E. (1992). Development of grasslands and savannas in East Africa during the Neogene. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 97: 241-247. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(92)90211-M. Click here to download the full text.

Currie, C. R. (2001). A community of ants, fungi, and bacteria: a multilateral approach to studying symbiosis. Annual Review of Microbiology, 55: 357-380. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.micro.55.1.357. Click here to download the full text.

Currie, C.R. Wong, B. Stuart, A.E. Schultz, T.R. Rehner, S.A. Mueller, U.G. Sung, G-H., Spatafora, J.W & Straus, N.A. (2003). Ancient tripartite coevolution in the attine ant-microbe symbiosis. Science, 299: 386-388. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1078155. Click here to download the full text.

Currie, C.R., Poulsen, M., Mendenhall, J., Boomsma, J.J. & Billen, J. (2006). Coevolved crypts and exocrine glands support mutualistic bacteria in fungus-growing ants. Science, 311: 81-83. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1119744. Click here to download the full text.

Farrell, B.D., Sequeira, A.S., O’Meara, B.C., Normark, B.B., Chung, J.H. & Jordal, B.H. (2001). The evolution of agriculture in beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae and Platypodinae). Evolution, 55: 2011-2027. DOI: 10.1554/0014-3820(2001)055[2011:TEOAIB]2.0.CO;2. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Fisher, P.J., Stradling, D.J. & Pegler, D.N. (1994). Leucoagaricus basidiomata from a live nest of the leaf-cutting ant Atta cephalotes. Mycological Research, 98: 884-888. doi:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)80259-1. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Foster, J.W. (1949). Chemical Activities of Fungi. New York: Academic Press. 648 pp. ASIN: B0007DOOWK.

Franz-Odendaal, T.A., Lee-Thorp, J.A. & Chinsamy, A. (2002). New evidence for the lack of C4 grassland expansions during the early Pliocene at Laangebaanweg, South Africa. Paleobiology, 28: 378-388. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3595487. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Hanson, A.M., Hodge, K.T. & Porter, L.M. (2003). Mycophagy among primates. Mycologist, 17: 6-10. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0269915X0300106X. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Ho, Y.W. & Barr, D.J.S. (1995). Classification of anaerobic gut fungi from herbivores with emphasis on rumen fungi from Malaysia. Mycologia, 87: 655-677. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3760810. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Jacobs, B.F. (2004). Palaeobotanical studies from tropical Africa: relevance to the evolution of forest, woodland and savannah biomes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 359: 1573-1583. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4142302. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

James, T.Y., Letcher, P.M., Longcore, J.E., Mozley-Standridge, S.E., Porter, D., Powell, M.J., Griffith, G.W. & Vilgalys, R. (2006). A molecular phylogeny of the flagellated fungi (Chytridiomycota) and description of a new phylum (Blastocladiomycota). Mycologia, 98: 860-871. http://www.mycologia.org/cgi/content/abstract/98/6/860. CLICK HERE to download the full text.

Kumpula, J. (2001). Winter grazing of reindeer in woodland lichen pasture: Effect of lichen availability on the condition of reindeer. Small Ruminant Research, 39: 121-130. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0921-4488(00)00179-6. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Larsen, M. (2006). Biological control of nematode parasites in sheep. Journal of Animal Science, 84: E133-E139. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/AHRR200350. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Lemons, A., Clay, K. & Rudgers, J.A. (2005). Connecting plant-microbial interactions above and belowground: a fungal endophyte affects decomposition. Oecologia, 145: 595-604. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-005-0163-8. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Li, Y.,  Hyde, K.D., Jeewon, R., Cai, L., Vijaykrishna, D. & Zhang, K. (2005). Phylogenetics and evolution of nematode-trapping fungi (Orbiliales) estimated from nuclear and protein coding genes. Mycologia, 97: 1034-1046. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3852/mycologia.97.5.1034. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Mackie, R.I. (2002). Mutualistic fermentative digestion in the gastrointestinal tract: diversity and evolution. Integrative & Comparative Biology, 42: 319-326. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/icb/42.2.319. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Mueller, U.G., Schultz, T.R., Currie, C.R., Adams, R.M.M., & Malloch, D. (2001). The origin of the attine ant-fungus mutualism. Quarterly Review of Biology, 76: 169-197. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2664003. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Mueller, U.G. & Rabeling, C. (2008). A breakthrough innovation in animal evolution. Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences of the USA, 105: 5287-5288. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0801464105. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Munkacsi, A.B., Pan, J.J., Villesen, P., Mueller, U.G., Blackwell, M. & McLaughlin, D.J. (2004). Convergent coevolution in the domestication of coral mushrooms by fungus-growing ants. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 271: 1777-1782. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2004.2759. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Nordbring-Hertz, B. (2004). Morphogenesis in the nematode-trapping fungus Arthrobotrys oligospora – an extensive plasticity of infection structures. Mycologist, 18: 125-133. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0269915XO4003052. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Oksanen, I. (2006). Ecological and biotechnological aspects of lichens. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 73: 723-734. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-006-0611-3. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Olofsson, J. (2006). Short- and long-term effects of changes in reindeer grazing pressure on tundra heath vegetation. Journal of Ecology, 94: 431-440. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2745.2006.01100.x. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Orpin, C.G. (1975). Studies on the rumen flagellate Neocallimastix frontalis: Journal of General Microbiology, 91: 249-262. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/00221287-91-2-249. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Ozkose, E., Thomas, B.J., Davies, D.R., Griffith, G.W. & Theodorou, M.K. (2001). Cyllamyces aberensis gen. nov sp. nov., a new anaerobic gut fungus with branched sporangiophores isolated from cattle. Canadian Journal of Botany, 79: 666-673.

Pagnocca, F.C., Bacci, M., Fungaro, M.H., Bueno, O.C., Hebling, M.J., Sant’anna A. & Capelari, M. (2001). RAPD analysis of the sexual state and sterile mycelium of the fungus cultivated by the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex hispidus fallax. Mycological Research, 105: 173-176. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0953756200003191. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Rezaeian, M., Beakes, G.W. & Parker, D.S. (2004a). Methods for the isolation, culture and assessment of the status of anaerobic rumen chytrids in both in vitro and in vivo systems. Mycological Research, 108: 1215-1226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0953756204000917. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Rezaeian, M., Beakes, G.W. & Parker, D.S. (2004b). Distribution and estimation of anaerobic zoosporic fungi along the digestive tracts of sheep. Mycological Research, 108: 1227-1233. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0953756204000929. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Schultz, T.R. & Brady, S.G. (2008). Major evolutionary transitions in ant agriculture. Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences of the USA, 105: 5435-5440.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0711024105. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Schmidt, A. R., Dorfelt, H. & Perrichot, V. (2007). Carnivorous fungi from Cretaceous amber Science, 318: 1743. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1149947. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Shearer, C.A., Descals, E., Kohlmeyer, B., Kohlmeyer, J., Marvanová, L., Padgett, D., Porter, D., Raja, H.A., Schmit, J.P., Thorton, H. A. & Voglymayr, H. (2007). Fungal biodiversity in aquatic habitats. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16: 49-67.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10531-006-9120-z. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Strömberg, C.A.E. & Feranec, R.S. (2004). The evolution of grass-dominated ecosystems during the late Cenozoic. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 207: 199-201.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2004.01.017. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

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Taylor, T.N., Klavins, S.D., Krings, M., Taylor, E.L., Kerp, H. & Hass, H. (2004). Fungi from the Rhynie chert: a view from the dark side. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences, 94: 457-473. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Tordoff, G., Boddy, L. & Jones, T.H. (2006). Grazing by Folsomia candida (Collembola) differentially affects mycelial morphology of the cord-forming basidiomycetes Hypholoma fasciculare, Phanerochaete velutina and Resinicium bicolor. Mycological Research, 110: 335-345. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mycres.2005.11.012. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

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Varma, A., Kolli, B.K., Paul, J., Saxena, S. & König, H. (1994). Lignocellulose degradation by microorganisms from termite hills and termite guts: A survey on the present state of art. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 15: 9-28. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-6976.1994.tb00120.x. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

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Updated December 17, 2016