Chapter 9.9 References and further reading

Chapter 9.9 References and further reading

Bailey-Shrode, L. & Ebbole, D.J. (2004). The fluffy gene of Neurospora crassa is necessary and sufficient to induce conidiophore development. Genetics, 166: 1741-1749. DOI:

Breakspear, A. & Momany, M. (2007). The first fifty microarray studies in filamentous fungi. Microbiology, 153: 7-15. DOI:

Buller, A.H.R. (1924). Researches on Fungi, vol. 3. London: Longman Green & Co. ASIN: B0008BT4QW.

Burnett, J.H. (1968). Fundamentals of Mycology. Edward Arnold: London. ISBN-10: 071312203X, ISBN-13: 978-0713122039. VIEW on Amazon.

Cha, J., Zhou, M. & Liu, Y. (2015). Mechanism of the Neurospora circadian clock, a FREQUENCY-centric view. Biochemistry, 54:150-156. DOI:

Chen, J.L. & Tzean, S.S. (1993). Podosporium elongatum, a new synnematous hyphomycete from Taiwan. Mycological Research, 97: 637-640. DOI:

Chiu, S.W. & Moore, D. (1988a). Evidence for developmental commitment in the differentiating fruit body of Coprinus cinereus. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 90: 247-253. DOI:

Chiu, S. W. & Moore, D. (1988b) Ammonium ions and glutamine inhibit sporulation of Coprinus cinereus basidia assayed in vitro. Cell Biology International Reports, 12: 519-526. DOI:

Dunlap, J.C. & Loros, J.J. (2006). How fungi keep time: circadian system in Neurospora and other fungi. Current Opinion in Microbiology, 9: 579-587. DOI:

Dunlap, J.C. & Loros, J.J. (2017). Making time: conservation of biological clocks from fungi to animals. In: The Fungal Kingdom, (eds J. Heitman, B. Howlett, P. Crous, E. Stukenbrock, T. James & N.A.R. Gow), pp. 515-534. Washington, DC: ASM Press.  DOI:

Erental, A., Dickman, M. B. & Yarden, O. (2008). Sclerotial development in Sclerotinia sclerotiorum: awakening molecular analysis of a “dormant” structure. Fungal Biology Reviews, 22: 6-16. DOI:

Fischer, M.W.F. & Money, N.P. (2010). Why mushrooms form gills: efficiency of the lamellate morphology. Mycological Research, 114: 57-63. DOI:

Galagan, J.E., Calvo, S.E., Borkovich, K.A., Selker, E.U., Read, N.D. and 72 others. (2003). The genome sequence of the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. Nature, 422: 859-868. DOI:

Häder, D.-P. (2018). Gravitropism in fungi, mosses and ferns: gravity sensing and graviorientation in microorganisms and plants. In: Gravitational Biology I. SpringerBriefs in Space Life Sciences, pp. 67-74.  Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland AG. ISBN: 9783319938936. DOI:

Hedger, J.N., Lewis, P. & Gitay, H. (1993). Litter-trapping by fungi in moist tropical forest. In: Aspects of Tropical Mycology, (eds S. Isaac, R. Watling, A.J.S. Whalley & J.C. Frankland), pp. 15-35. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-10: 0521450500, ISBN-13: 978-0521450508. VIEW on Amazon.

Hevia, M.A., Canessa, P. & Larrondo, L.F. (2016). Circadian clocks and the regulation of virulence in fungi: getting up to speed. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology, 57: 147-155. DOI:

Hevia, M.A., Canessa, P., Müller-Esparza, H. & Larrondo, L.F. (2015). A circadian oscillator in the fungus Botrytis cinerea regulates virulence when infecting Arabidopsis thaliana. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112:  8744-8749.  DOI:

Ingold, C.T. (1999). Active liberation of reproductive units in terrestrial fungi. Mycologist, 13: 113-116. DOI:

Kasuga, T. & Glass, N.L. (2008). Dissecting colony development of Neurospora crassa using mRNA profiling and comparative genomics approaches. Eukaryotic Cell, 7: 1549-1564. DOI:

Kasuga, T., Townsend, J.P., Tian, C., Gilbert, L.B., Mannhaupt, G., Taylor, J.W. & Glass N. L. (2005). Long-oligomer microarray profiling in Neurospora crassa reveals the transcriptional program underlying biochemical and physiological events of conidial germination. Nucleic Acids Research, 33: 6469-6485. DOI:

Kim, J.S., Kwon, Y.S., Bae, D.W., Kwak, Y.S. & Kwack, Y.B. (2017). Proteomic analysis of Coprinopsis cinerea under conditions of horizontal and perpendicular gravity. Mycobiology, 45: 226-231. DOI:

Kirk, P.M., Cannon, P.F., Minter, D.W. & Stalpers, J.A. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi, 10th edn. Wallingford: CABI Publishing. ISBN-10: 0851998267, ISBN-13: 978-0851998268. Kindle edition: ASIN: B00K7ANXJI. Kindle Edition.

Koritala, B.S.C. & Lee, K. (2017). Natural variation of the circadian clock in Neurospora. Advances in Genetics, 99: 1-37. DOI:

Krijgsheld, P., Bleichrodt, R., van Veluw, G.J., Wang, F., Müller, W.H., Dijksterhuis, J. & Wösten, H.A.B. (2013). Development in Aspergillus. Studies in Mycology, 74: 1-29. DOI:

Lee, M.K., Kwon, N.J., Lee, I.S., Jung, S., Kim, S.C. & Yu, J.H. (2016). Negative regulation and developmental competence in Aspergillus. Scientific Reports, 6: article number 28874. DOI:

Liu, F., Chavez, R.L., Patek, S.N., Pringle, A., Feng, J.J. & Chen, C.H. (2017). Asymmetric drop coalescence launches fungal ballistospores with directionality. Journal of The Royal Society Interface, 14: 132. DOI:

Lysek, G. (1984). Physiology and ecology of rhythmic growth and sporulation in fungi. In: The Ecology and Physiology of the Fungal Mycelium (eds D.H. Jennings & A.D.M. Rayner), pp. 323-342. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-10: 0521106265, ISBN-13: 978-0521106269. VIEW on Amazon.

Martinelli, S.D. & Clutterbuck, A.J. (1971). A quantitative survey of conidiation mutants in Aspergillus nidulans. Journal of General Microbiology, 69: 261-268. DOI:

McCluskey, K. & Baker, S.E. (2017). Diverse data supports the transition of filamentous fungal model organisms into the post-genomics era. Mycology, 8: 67-83. DOI:

Mims, C.W., Richardson, E.A. & Timberlake, W.E. (1988). Ultrastructural analysis of conidiophore development in the fungus Aspergillus nidulans using freeze-substitution. Protoplasma, 144: 132-141. DOI:

Minter, D.W., Kirk, P.M. & Sutton, B.C. (1983a). Thallic phialides. Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 80: 39-66. DOI:

Minter, D.W., Sutton, B.C. & Brady, B.L. (1983b). What are phialides anyway? Transactions of the British Mycological Society, 81: 109-120. DOI:

Money, N.P. (1998). More g’s than the space shuttle: the mechanism of ballistospore discharge. Mycologia, 90: 547-558. Stable URL:

Montenegro-Montero, A., Canessa, P. & Larrondo, L.F. (2015). Around the fungal clock: recent advances in the molecular study of circadian clocks in Neurospora and other fungi. Advances in Genetics, 92: 107-184. DOI:

Moore, D. (1981). Developmental genetics of Coprinus cinereus: genetic evidence that carpophores and sclerotia share a common pathway of initiation. Current Genetics, 3: 145-150. DOI:

Moore, D. (1995). Tissue formation. In: The Growing Fungus (eds N.A.R. Gow & G.M. Gadd), pp. 423-465. London: Chapman & Hall. ISBN-10: 0412466007, ISBN-13: 978-0412466007. CLICK here to download full-text PDF.

Moore, D. (1998). Fungal Morphogenesis. New York: Cambridge University Press, (see chapters 6 Development of form and 7 The keys to form and structure). ISBN-10: 0521552958, ISBN-13: 978-0521552950. VIEW on Amazon.

Moore, D., Hock, B., Greening, J.P., Kern, V.D., Novak Frazer, L. & Monzer, J. (1996). Gravimorphogenesis in agarics. Mycological Research, 100: 257-273. DOI: CLICK here to download fullt-text PDF

Moore, D. & Novak Frazer, L. (2002). Essential Fungal Genetics. New York: Springer-Verlag, (see chapter 10, The genetics of fungal differentiation and morphogenesis). ISBN-10: 0387953671, ISBN-13: 978-0387953670. VIEW on Amazon.

Moore, D. & Novak Frazer, L. (2017). Fungiflex: the untold story, 114 pages. Publisher: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN-10: 1547168560, ISBN-13: 978-1547168569. Download full text:

Moore-Landecker, E. (1996). Fundamentals of the Fungi, 4th edn. New Jersey, USA: Prentice Hall Inc. ISBN-10: 0133768643, ISBN-13: 978-0133768640. VIEW on Amazon.

Novodvorska, M., Stratford, M., Blythe, M.J., Wilson, R., Beniston, R.G. & Archer, D.B. (2016). Metabolic activity in dormant conidia of Aspergillus niger and developmental changes during conidial outgrowth. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 94: 23-31. DOI:

Rayner, A.D.M. (1997). Degrees of Freedom. Living in Dynamic Boundaries. London: Imperial College Press. ISBN-10: 1860940374, ISBN-13: 978-1860940378. VIEW on Amazon.

Rayner, A.D.M., Powell, K.A., Thompson, W. & Jennings, D.H. (1985). Morphogenesis of vegetative organs. In: Developmental Biology of Higher Fungi (eds D. Moore, L.A. Casselton, D.A. Wood & J.C. Frankland), pp. 249-279. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. ISBN-10: 0521301610, ISBN-13: 978-0521301619. VIEW on Amazon.

Salichos, L. & Rokas, A. (2010). The diversity and evolution of circadian clock proteins in fungi. Mycologia, 102: 269-278. DOI:

Stolze-Rybczynski, J.L., Cui, Y., Stevens, M.H.H., Davis, D.J., Fischer, M.W.F. & Money, N.P. (2009). Adaptation of the spore discharge mechanism in the Basidiomycota. PLoS ONE, 4 (1): e4163. DOI:

Tao, L. & Yu, J.H. (2011). AbaA and WetA govern distinct stages of Aspergillus fumigatus development. Microbiology, 157: 313-326. DOI:

Teertstra, W.R., Tegelaar, M., Dijksterhuis, J., Golovina, E.A., Ohm, R.A. & Wösten, H.A.B. (2017). Maturation of conidia on conidiophores of Aspergillus niger. Fungal Genetics and Biology, 98: 61-70. DOI:

Timberlake, W.E. (1993). Translational triggering and feedback fixation in the control of fungal development. Plant Cell, 5: 1453-1460. DOI:

Trinci, A.P.J., Wiebe, M.G. & Robson, G.D. (1994). The mycelium as an integrated entity. In: The Mycota, vol. I, Growth, Differentiation and Sexuality, first edition, (eds J.G.H. Wessels & F. Meinhardt), pp. 175-193. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN-10: 3540577815, ISBN-13: 978-3540577812. VIEW on Amazon.

Turner, J.C.R. & Webster, J. (1991). Mass and momentum transfer on the small scale: how do mushrooms shed their spores? Chemical Engineering Science, 46: 1145-1149. DOI:

Ulloa, M. & Hanlin, R.T. (2012). Illustrated Dictionary of Mycology, Second Edition. APS Press. ISBN: 978-0-89054-502-7.  DOI:

van Leeuwen, M.R., Krijgsheld, P., Bleichrodt, R., Menke, H., Stam, H., Stark, J., Wösten, H.A.B. & Dijksterhuis, J. (2013). Germination of conidia of Aspergillus niger is accompanied by major changes in RNA profiles. Studies in Mycology, 74: 59-70. DOI:

Yu, J.H. (2010). Regulation of development in Aspergillus nidulans and Aspergillus fumigatus. Mycobiology, 38: 229–237. DOI:

Updated July, 2018