Fungal Endophytes

We recommend the following references if you wish to investigate this topic further at this point in the module


The first themed issue of Fungal Biology Reviews dealt with fungal endophytes and their different roles and impacts in grassland and forest ecosystems. The editors of the issue introduced the contents by writing:

“The article by Arnold (2007) highlights recent progress and challenges in understanding the diversity of foliar endophytic fungi. … Foliar endophyte communities are shaped both by the identity of their host plants and their geographical location. Some foliar endophytes also act as pathogens or saprotrophs, attacking or decaying plant species with which they do not form endophytic associations… Two articles specifically address the fungal endophytes of forest trees and other woody plants. Saikkonen (2007) considers how geographical features, age and genetic structure of forests can influence endophyte-tree interactions, and whether host specificity is inversely related to plant species diversity in different forests. Sieber (2007) reviews the continuum of endophyte interactions, ranging from mutualism to pathogenicity, and discusses whether endophytic fungi of forest trees can really be regarded as mutualists. … Slippers & Wingfield (2007) examine the features of the Botryosphaeriaceae as endophytes and latent pathogens of woody plants. .. Finally Rudgers & Clay (2007) review the impacts of endophyte symbiosis with the grass species tall fescue on grassland communities and ecosystems. ..”


Arnold, A.E. (2007). Understanding the diversity of foliar endophytic fungi: progress, challenges and frontiers. Fungal Biology Reviews, 21: 51-66. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Rudgers, J.A. & Clay, K. (2007). Endophyte symbiosis with tall fescue: how strong are the impacts on communities and ecosystems? Fungal Biology Reviews, 21: 107-123. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Saikkonen, K. (2007). Forest structure and fungal endophytes. Fungal Biology Reviews, 21: 67-74. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Sieber, T. (2007). Endophytic fungi of forest trees: are they mutualists? Fungal Biology Reviews, 21: 75-89. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Slippers, B. & Wingfield, M.J. (2007). Botryosphaeriaceae as endophytes and latent pathogens of woody plants: diversity, ecology and impact. Fungal Biology Reviews, 21: 90-106. CLICK HERE to download the complete text.

Close the window to return to 21st Century Guidebook to Fungi

This is a Resources Box from the 21st Century Guidebook to Fungi: © David Moore, Geoffrey D. Robson and Anthony P. J. Trinci 2010